Freedmen in Name Only? 13 Enslaved on Barry Plantation.

Even though Mississippi’s infamous “Black Code” would not be passed for a few more months, this labor contract between Uriah Barry and thirteen recently emancipated men, women, and children shows that life was not much different for them in the months (and years) immediately following the Civil War.

This Agreement with Freedmen was especially interesting to me because it was created so soon after the end of the Civil War.  All the men, women, and children who signed on to be laborers on the Barry Plantation in Holmes County, Mississippi carried (possibly without choice) the surname of BARRY.  And the number of freedmen in the document (13) is the same number of individuals counted as enslaved of Uriah Barry for the 1860 U.S. Federal census.  Their pay under this “new” contract? Board, Clothing & Medical Attention.

The names of those who were (possibly, probably) enslaved by Uriah Barry just months before:

  • Charles Barry, age 28
  • Louisa Barry, age 24
  • Luis Barry, age 70
  • Ritter Barry, age 50
  • Rachel [see dependents list below]
  • Jackson Barry, age 22
  • Lucy Barry, age 15
  • Isaac Barry, age 9
  • Mary Barry, age 8
  • Amanda Barry, age 6

Those aged 15 and above signed with a mark of X.  A list of “Dependents” follows:

  • Rachael Barry, age 40 – Decrepit
  • Daniel Barry, age 5
  • Alis Barry, age 4
  • Luis Barry, age 2

Uriah Berry/Barry was my 1st cousin, 7x removed.  He was a son of Nancy Lincecum and William Green Berry.  A transcription of the agreement follows, but note images of this document may be viewed online at

Agreement with Freedmen.

This Agreement, made this 12th day of August A.D., 1865, by and between Uriah Barry of the County of Holmes and State of Mississippi, of the first part, and the person hereinafter named and undersigned, Freedmen of the same place, part hereto of the second part, ——–

Witnesseth, That for the purpose of cultivating the plantation known as the Barry Plantation in the County & State aforesaid, during the year commencing on the 12th day of August A.D., 1865, and terminating on the 1st day of January, 1866.  The said Uriah Barry party of the first part, in consideration of the promises and conditions hereafter mentioned on the part of the second part, agrees to furnish to the said laborers and those rightfully dependent upon them, free of charge, clothing and food of good quality and sufficient quantity; good and sufficient quarters; medical attendance when necessary, and kind and humane treatment; to allot from the lands of said plantation, for garden purposes, one acre to each family; such allotment to include a reasonable use of tools and animals for the cultivation of the same; to exact only one half a day’s labor on Saturdays, and non whatever on Sundays.

And it is further agreed, That in case the said Uriah Barry shall fail, neglect, or refuse to fulfil any of the obligations assumed by ________, or shall furnish said part of the second part with insufficient food or clothing, or be guilty of cruelty to, he shall, besides the legal recourse left to the party or parties aggrieved, render this contract liable to annulment by the Provost Marshal of Freedmen.  And it is agreed on the part of the part of the second part that will each well and faithfully perform such labor as the said Uriah Barry may require of them for the time aforesaid, not exceeding ten hours per day in summer and nine hours in winter, and in case any laborer shall voluntarily absent himself from, or shall neglect, or refuse to perform the labor herein promised, and the fact shall be proven in such manner as the Provost Marshal of Freedmen shall deem proper.

IT IS FURTHER AGREED, That any wages or share of profits due the said laborers under this agreement, shall constitute a first lien upon all crops or parts of crops produced on said plantation or tract of land by their labor.  And no shipments or products shall be made until the Provost Marshal of Freedmen shall certify that all dues to said laborers are paid or satisfactorily arranged.

[signed] Uriah Barry

Visit Uriah Berry’s page in the Lincecum Lineage database.

Go here for a specific example of a southern state’s Black Code.

3 Wives of Haywood Lincecum

[Originally posted on previous platform August 2016.]

I know very little about the wives of Haywood Lincecum, so figured it would be easy enough to combine them into one post.

Mary Ann Brown and Haywood were married 3 January 1850 at Noxubee County, Mississippi.  She was born about 1827-1828, possibly in South Carolina.  Mary A. and Haywood had at least one son, Olympus Lincecum (1851-1938).  This family can be found in the 1850 and 1860 census for Oktibbeha County, Mississippi.  Mary A. presumably died before Haywood married again, so prior to 1869.

Mary E. Perkins and Haywood were married 21 February 1869 in Oktibbeha County, Mississippi.  Mary E. brought children from a previous marriage to the family.  She was born about 1833, possibly in Tennessee.  Mary E. and Haywood had at least one daughter, Otelia Lincecum (b. abt March 1870).  This family can be found in the 1870 Oktibbeha County, Mississippi Federal census.  Mary E. presumably died before Haywood married again, so prior to 1873.

Elizabeth “Betsy” R. McIlwain/e and Haywood were married 21 January 1873 in Oktibbeha County, Mississippi.  She was born about 1840, possibly in South Carolina or Alabama, a daughter of Samuel and Susanah Conn McIlwain/e.  Elizabeth is listed with her parents for the 1860 Cherokee County, Alabama Federal census, and with Haywood for the 1880 Oktibbeha County, Mississippi Federal census.  Elizabeth and Haywood had at least one son, Orono Brooks Lincecum (b. 1874).

According to FindAGrave, Elizabeth died 27 March 1890.  She was laid to rest at Sanders Cemetery in Oktoc, Oktibbeha County, Mississippi.

Visit Mary Ann Brown’s page in the Lincecum Lineage database.

Visit Mary E.’s page in the Lincecum Lineage database.

Visit Elizabeth R. McIlwain’s page in the Lincecum Lineage database.

Visit Haywood Lincecum’s page in the Lincecum Lineage database.

Early Perry County, Mississippi Newspapers {Births, Deaths, and Marriages}
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Is Travis Haywood Lincecum the Same as Haywood H. Lincecum?

[Originally posted on previous platform August 2016.]

Inquiring minds want to know. It seems the two are one, but please tell me your thoughts. I would especially appreciate a share if you believe there is conclusive proof one way or the other.

Travis Haywood Lincecum is named a child of Grabel and Wilmoth Lincecum in Grabel’s 1836 last will and testament made in Oktibbeha County, Mississippi. Much of the time, I find an individual presumed to be this son simply with the name of Haywood Lincecum. Then, at times, he is found as Haywood H. Here is a list of names come across in research, thinking Travis Haywood and Haywood H. are one in the same:

  • Haiwood H. Lincecum
  • Hayward Linsecum
  • Haywood Lincecum
  • Haywood H. Lincecum
  • Haywood Howard Lincecum
  • Haywood T. Lincecum
  • Heyward Lincecum
  • Travis Haywood Lincecum

By self [Public domain], via Wikimedia CommonsHaywood was born between 1824 and 1826 in either Alabama or Mississippi.  I lean toward Mississippi, though his father, uncles, and grandfather did stay for a bit in Alabama before settling in Mississippi.  Judy Jacobson’s Alabama and Mississippi Connections provides the following:

According to Old Tuskaloosa Land Office Records, on September 5, 1822, a “Gravel” Lincecum of Monroe County, Mississippi was awarded land in Sec 26 T 16 R 17 W…The only other land granted to a Lincecum by the Tuscaloosa land office was given to “Grabel” Lincecum on December 11, 1822.  That property was described as Sec 26 T 16 R 17 W in Monroe County.

Haywood married three times. First, to Mary Ann Brown, 3 January 1850 at Noxubee County, Mississippi. This union resulted in a son, Olympus. Next, H. H. Lincecum married Mary E., formerly the wife of a Mr. Perkins, 21 February 1869 at Oktibbeha County, Mississippi. This union resulted in a daughter, Otelia. Lastly, Hayward Linsecum married Elizabeth “Betsy” McIlwain/e, 21 January 1873 at Noxubee County. This union resulted in a son, Orono Brooks.

H. H. Lincecum has a tombstone at Soule Chapel Cemetery in Macon, Noxubee County, Mississippi. The birth date inscribed is 20 February 1824, and the death date is 9 April 1900.

Individual Facts:

  • Census:  1840 / Noxubee County, Mississippi – Mrs. W. Lincecum household
  • Occupation:  November 1850 / Farmer in Oktibbeha County, Mississippi
  • Residence:  9 November 1850 / Oktibbeha County
  • Occupation:  July 1860 / Farming in Oktibbeha County
  • Census:  18 July 1860 / Starkville, Oktibbeha County
  • Occupation:  August 1870 / Farmer in Oktibbeha County
  • Census:  16 August 1870 / Oktibbeha County
  • Occupation:  1880 / Miller in Oktibbeha County
  • Census:  1880 / Oktibbeha County


– Haywood was a veteran of the Mexican War. [Judy Jacobson, Alabama & Mississippi Connections: Historical & Biographical Sketches of Families Who Settled on Both Sides of the Tombigbee River.] — According to his pension card, Haywood H. fought with “Armstrongs & Evans, Texas Rangers.” [United States Mexican War Pension Index, 1887-1926 at]

– According to a 1900 Macon Beacon, Heyward [sic] Lincecum, age 75 and a Mexican War veteran, died on April 9, 1900 leaving a son Brooks Lincecum and a sister Mrs. J. B. Cole. Ducianna Amanda Lincecum, also a named child in Grabel Lincecum’s will, married Josiah B. Cole 23 April 1854 in Noxubee County, Mississippi.

Visit Haywood Lincecum’s page in the Lincecum Lineage database.

Short Last Will & Testament of Grabel Lincecum

[First posted on previous platform August 2016.]

grabellincecum1836willIn the name of God Amen, I, Grabel Lincecum of the county of Oktibbeha and state of Mississippi being mindful of my mortality do make this my last will and testament in manner and form following to wit) I give and bequeath to my wife Wilmoth Lincecum all my property real & personal during her natural life or widowhood though in case of marriage then and in that case I wish all of my property equally divided between my several children.  To wit) Travis Haywood Lincecum Bartly Case Lincecum Elizabeth Lincecum Willmoth M. Lincecum Ducianna Amanda and Grabel E. Lincecum.  I wish my wife to have the entire controle [sic] of my property I wish no Administrator.  I want the money due me to go to the payment of my debts and the residue to go to the support of my family or used as my wife may think proper

Given under my hand & seal this the 9th day of Nov 1836
Grabel Lincecum
Willmoth Lincecum

I. P. Thompson
Josiah Watkins
Wm. H. Anderson
Wm. C. Shaw

*Will admitted to probate by judge and witness 1st May 1837 in Noxubee County, Miss.  “Recorded the 19th day of April 1838 in Record of wills (A) page 13…”

*Wilmoth, widow of Grabel, would go on to marry James P. Haynes in 1842.

Visit Grabel Lincecum’s page in the Lincecum Lineage database.

The Ins and Outs of Probate for Genealogists: Research Guide
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